PENGETAHUAN DAN SIKAP PEKERJA SEKS KOMERSIAL TENTANG PENYAKIT MENULAR SEKSUAL DI LOKALISASI BANGUNSARI SURABAYA
[ ANOTASI / ABSTRAK ]
Surabaya City Health Department (2010) noted that Health Centers located in red-light regions have indicated highest number of cases of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). Increased risk of STD spreading relates to behavioral factors such as of the sex workers and their partners, reluctance to seek proper treatment, self treatment and incomplete treatment protocol. The purpose of this study was to determine the level of applied knowledge and attitudes relating to STDs among commercial sex workers in Bangunsari red-light zone in 2012.
This research was meant as a descriptive study, where data were collected through observation and interviews. The population under study was as many as 255 commercial sex workers in Bangunsari red-light zone and a sample of 72 sex workers were drawn by systematic random sampling. Data processing was carried out on the variables using appropriate computer program set for descriptive analysis.
Respondents’ level of applied knowledge on Sexually Transmitted Diseases were ‘good’, represented by 34 (47%) respondents, ‘fair’ represented by 30 (42%) respondents. Their knowledge are influenced by the level of their education, access to media information and intervention by health workers. With regard to their attitude toward Sexually Transmitted Diseases, commercial sex workers (CSWs) were ‘good’ as indicated by 67 (93%) respondents, some of them were ‘fair’ indicated by 4% respondents. Their attitude are influenced by the level of their education, access to media information, regular health examination, awareness to stop their occupation knowing the high-risk of the sex workers and the role of health workers.
It is recommended that health workers keep up their positive activities such as teaching and training, building on repondents existing skills to encourage commercial sex workers to improve their knowledge and skills and to leave their present occupation. Efforts should be made to improve media information on Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs) such as the provision of counseling or pamphlets / leaflets / brochures on a more regular basis and to encourage commercial sex workers (CSW) to be in touch with local health cadres to keep up their motivation toward improved health.
Keywords : knowledge, attitude, commercial sex workers, Sexually Transmitted Diseases
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